爱游戏app官方下载,爱游戏最新版下载

连云港市生物多样性本底调查成果新闻发布会

  • 时间:2021-05-21 10:52:53
  • 来源:市生态环境(jing)局
  • 阅读次数:
  • 字体:[ ]

时间(jian):2021年5月21日(ri)10:00

地点:连(lian)云(yun)港发(fa)布新闻发(fa)布厅

主(zhu)持人(ren):连云港(gang)市生态环境局党(dang)组成员、副(fu)局长、新闻发言人(ren)葛(ge)延波

发(fa)布人:连云(yun)港市生态(tai)环境局党(dang)组(zu)书记、局长(zhang)唐光普(pu)

发(fa)布(bu)议题:介绍连云港(gang)市生物多样性本底调查成果相关情况

d22479918acf34f81fd3bd22d0178987.jpg

葛延波:记者(zhe)朋友们,大家(jia)上(shang)午好!欢迎参加连云港市生物多样性调查成果(guo)发布会(hui)。

明(ming)天(5月22日)就是(shi)国(guo)际生(sheng)物多样性(xing)日,今年的(de)主(zhu)题(ti)是(shi)“保护自然(ran)、人人有责”。为宣传和落实好生(sheng)物多样性(xing)保护工作,今天我(wo)们召(zhao)开发布会,向大(da)家(jia)介绍我(wo)市生(sheng)物多样性(xing)调(diao)查成果(guo),并回(hui)答大(da)家(jia)感兴趣的(de)问题(ti)。

出席今天发布会的有:连云港市生态环境局党组书记、局长唐光普,我是连云港市生态环境局党组成员、副局长、新(xin)闻(wen)发(fa)言人(ren)葛延波,主持这场发布会。

今(jin)天的(de)发布会有三项议程:一(yi)是(shi)请连云(yun)港(gang)市生态(tai)环(huan)境局党组书记、局长唐光普(pu)发布连云(yun)港(gang)市生物多样(yang)性调查成果;二是(shi)请记者朋友们就(jiu)感兴(xing)趣的(de)问题提问;三是(shi)宣布连云(yun)港(gang)市鸟(niao)类摄影(ying)比(bi)赛获(huo)奖情况。

首(shou)先,请连(lian)云港(gang)市生态环境局党(dang)组书(shu)记、局长唐光(guang)普发布连(lian)云港(gang)市生物(wu)多样性调查成果(guo)。

唐光普:下面由我来发布连云港(gang)市生物多(duo)样性调查成果(guo)。

按照《江(jiang)苏省生物(wu)多(duo)样(yang)(yang)性保(bao)护战(zhan)略与行动计(ji)划(hua)》,2018年起,我(wo)市东海县、灌(guan)云县、灌(guan)南县和市区(qu),先后分别委托南京晓庄学院(yuan)应用生态(tai)研究(jiu)所、生态(tai)环(huan)境部南京环(huan)境科学研究(jiu)所、南京大学环(huan)境规划(hua)院(yuan),分区(qu)域开展生物(wu)多(duo)样(yang)(yang)性本(ben)底(di)调查(cha)工作,截(jie)至目前,调查(cha)工作全部结束,形成全市生物(wu)多(duo)样(yang)(yang)性本(ben)底(di)调查(cha)成果。

f6559d3ce0e6e358e3b800677b65ab17.jpg

本次共调查到全市物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)3673种(zhong)(含变种(zhong)、变型、栽培品(pin)种(zhong)),其(qi)中维管植(zhi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)1363种(zhong)(包括(kuo)(kuo)陆(lu)生(sheng)(sheng)和(he)水生(sheng)(sheng)维管植(zhi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu))、陆(lu)生(sheng)(sheng)脊(ji)椎动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)367种(zhong)(包括(kuo)(kuo)两栖(qi)(qi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)、爬行动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)、鸟类(lei)和(he)哺乳动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu))、陆(lu)生(sheng)(sheng)昆虫720种(zhong)(包括(kuo)(kuo)蝴蝶和(he)其(qi)他昆虫)、淡水水生(sheng)(sheng)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)878种(zhong)(包括(kuo)(kuo)鱼类(lei)、底栖(qi)(qi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)和(he)浮游(you)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)植(zhi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu))、海(hai)洋(yang)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)386种(zhong)(包括(kuo)(kuo)游(you)泳动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)、海(hai)洋(yang)底栖(qi)(qi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)、潮间(jian)带底栖(qi)(qi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)和(he)海(hai)洋(yang)浮游(you)动(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)植(zhi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu))。

其(qi)中(zhong)包(bao)括(kuo)国(guo)家重点保护野生(sheng)动(dong)植物(wu)(wu)93种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),包(bao)括(kuo)赤松、乌龟、震旦鸦雀、半蹼鹬(yu)、豹猫、松江(jiang)鲈等(deng)(deng);《中(zhong)国(guo)物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)红(hong)(hong)色名录(lu)》及IUCN收(shou)录(lu)的濒危物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)74种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),包(bao)括(kuo)极危物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)黄胸鹀、白(bai)鹤等(deng)(deng),濒危物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)鳗鲡、东(dong)方白(bai)鹳等(deng)(deng),易危物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全缘贯众(zhong)、长苞谷精草、仙八色鸫、红(hong)(hong)头潜鸭等(deng)(deng),近危物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)骨碎补(bu)、黑(hei)斑侧(ce)褶蛙、蛎鹬(yu)等(deng)(deng)。但有26种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)为外来入侵物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),其(qi)中(zhong)维管植物(wu)(wu)20种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),两栖动(dong)物(wu)(wu)1种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)、爬(pa)行动(dong)物(wu)(wu)1种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)、昆虫2种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)、底栖动(dong)物(wu)(wu)2种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。

经过(guo)调(diao)查和(he)成果集成发现:(1)连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)是江(jiang)苏(su)生(sheng)物(wu)多样性(xing)丰富度(du)最(zui)高(gao)的地区之一(yi),也(ye)(ye)是最(zui)具(ju)代表性(xing)的地区之一(yi)。(2)连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)滨海湿(shi)地及(ji)内陆湖库是水鸟重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)的栖息(xi)地,其(qi)重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)程度(du)已达国际重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)湿(shi)地的标准(zhun)。(3)连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)前三(san)岛等(deng)基岩(yan)海岛具(ju)有重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)的生(sheng)态(tai)功(gong)能。这(zhei)些成果的取得(de)(de),既得(de)(de)益(yi)于连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)境内海洋、海岛、高(gao)山(shan)、平原俱备的地貌和(he)生(sheng)境,也(ye)(ye)归功(gong)于我(wo)市生(sheng)态(tai)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)红(hong)线的划定(ding),《连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)市滨海湿(shi)地保(bao)(bao)护(hu)条例》等(deng)一(yi)系列(lie)管理(li)办法的出台,以及(ji)打好(hao)污染防治攻坚战的不断深入,这(zhei)是生(sheng)态(tai)环境变好(hao)的生(sheng)动(dong)写照,也(ye)(ye)反映出我(wo)市近年来践行习近平生(sheng)态(tai)文明思想、在山(shan)水林田湖草沙综合治理(li)方面取得(de)(de)的显著成效。

葛延波(bo):下面,请记(ji)者朋友们(men)就感兴趣(qu)的(de)问(wen)题(ti)提问(wen)。

d0efb15d348aff746cc8b4ec52f60f5a.jpg

记者:为什么(me)说连云港是江苏生(sheng)物(wu)多样性丰富度最(zui)高的(de)地区之(zhi)一,也(ye)是最(zui)具代表性的(de)地区之(zhi)一?

唐光普:1、全(quan)(quan)市共(gong)记(ji)录物(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)3673种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(含变(bian)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)、变(bian)型、栽培品种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)),约占全(quan)(quan)省(sheng)(sheng)记(ji)录物(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的80.06%,比已完成(cheng)全(quan)(quan)域本底调查的盐(yan)城(cheng)市(3168种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong))高(gao)(gao)出(chu)505种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),南通市(3500种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong))高(gao)(gao)出(chu)173种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),常州(zhou)市(2506种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong))高(gao)(gao)出(chu)1150多种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),可(ke)见(jian)连云港的生物(wu)多样(yang)性在省(sheng)(sheng)内处于第一(yi)梯队。

2、发现了珍稀濒危物(wu)种(zhong)135种(zhong)。国(guo)家(jia)重点保护野生动(dong)植物(wu)93种(zhong),包括赤松、乌(wu)龟、震旦鸦(ya)雀、半(ban)蹼鹬(yu)、豹猫、四鳃鲈(lu)鱼(yu)等(deng)(deng);《中国(guo)物(wu)种(zhong)红色名录》及IUCN收(shou)录的濒危物(wu)种(zhong)74种(zhong),包括极危物(wu)种(zhong)黄胸鹀、白鹤等(deng)(deng),濒危物(wu)种(zhong)鳗鲡、东方白鹳等(deng)(deng),易危物(wu)种(zhong)全(quan)缘贯众、长苞谷精(jing)草、仙八色鸫、红头潜鸭等(deng)(deng)。

3、本次还调查(cha)到江苏(su)仅分布于连云港的物种80种。其(qi)中,维(wei)管植物78种,包括(kuo)钝(dun)羽对囊蕨、小戟叶(ye)耳蕨、长苞(bao)谷精(jing)草、朱兰、流苏(su)树(shu)、水榆花楸、拳(quan)参、白木乌桕、龟甲兔儿风等(deng)。陆生脊椎动物2种,为东(dong)方(fang)铃(ling)蟾和岩栖蝮。

4、还发现地域新(xin)(xin)分(fen)布物(wu)(wu)种7种。其中江苏新(xin)(xin)分(fen)布物(wu)(wu)种6种,包括普陀狗娃花、多被银莲花、健(jian)壮薹草、兴安薹草、黄花婆罗(luo)门参(can)和弯穗草,连云港新(xin)(xin)分(fen)布物(wu)(wu)种1种,棕(zong)脸鹟莺。

通过以(yi)上数据可以(yi)说明,连云港是江苏(su)生物多样性丰(feng)富度最(zui)(zui)高的地(di)区(qu)之(zhi)一,也是最(zui)(zui)具代表性的地(di)区(qu)之(zhi)一。

记者:刚才发言人提到,我(wo)市(shi)有国家重点保护野生动植物93种和濒危物种74种,能(neng)给我(wo)们具(ju)体介绍一下吗?

唐光普:1、国家重(zhong)点保护物种(zhong)

依(yi)据《国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)野生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)植物(wu)(wu)(wu)名(ming)录》和《国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)野生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)动物(wu)(wu)(wu)名(ming)录》,连云港(gang)市共有国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)动植物(wu)(wu)(wu)93种(zhong),其中(zhong)(zhong)Ⅰ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)19种(zhong),Ⅱ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)74种(zhong)。维管植物(wu)(wu)(wu)共有国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)19种(zhong),其中(zhong)(zhong)野生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)分布7种(zhong),为赤(chi)松、中(zhong)(zhong)华结缕草、蜈蚣兰、朱兰、野大豆、软枣(zao)猕(mi)猴(hou)(hou)桃和中(zhong)(zhong)华猕(mi)猴(hou)(hou)桃。陆生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)脊椎动物(wu)(wu)(wu)中(zhong)(zhong),有国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)爬行动物(wu)(wu)(wu)1种(zhong),为乌(wu)龟(Ⅱ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji))。重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)鸟(niao)类67种(zhong),其中(zhong)(zhong)Ⅰ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)15种(zhong),Ⅱ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)52种(zhong),国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)Ⅰ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)为黑(hei)鹳(guan)、东方白(bai)(bai)鹳(guan)、黑(hei)脸琵(pi)鹭、白(bai)(bai)鹤(he)、白(bai)(bai)头(tou)鹤(he)、遗鸥(ou)、黄(huang)胸鹀等(deng)(deng),国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)Ⅱ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)凤头(tou)蜂鹰(ying)、赤(chi)腹鹰(ying)、日本松雀鹰(ying)、长耳(er)(er)鸮(xiao)、短耳(er)(er)鸮(xiao)、小(xiao)杓鹬、鸳鸯、花(hua)脸鸭、白(bai)(bai)琵(pi)鹭、黑(hei)颈??、仙八色鸫(dong)、红喉歌鸲、画眉、震(zhen)旦鸦雀等(deng)(deng)。哺乳(ru)动物(wu)(wu)(wu)有国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)4种(zhong),等(deng)(deng)级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)均(jun)为Ⅱ级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji),分别为猕(mi)猴(hou)(hou)、豹(bao)猫、赤(chi)狐和水(shui)獭。淡水(shui)水(shui)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)松江鲈(lu)(又名(ming)四鳃鲈(lu)鱼)为国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)二(er)级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)野生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)动物(wu)(wu)(wu)。海洋生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)海马为国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)二(er)级(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)野生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)动物(wu)(wu)(wu)。

2、受威胁物种

连云港共(gong)调查到《中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)红色名录》及IUCN收录的(de)濒危(wei)(wei)(wei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)74种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),极危(wei)(wei)(wei)(CR)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)6种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),濒危(wei)(wei)(wei)(EN)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)14种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),易危(wei)(wei)(wei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)21种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),近危(wei)(wei)(wei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)33种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。维管(guan)植物(wu)(wu)(wu)濒危(wei)(wei)(wei)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)25种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),其中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)野生(sheng)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)12种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),包括骨碎补(bu)、全(quan)缘贯众、多花黄(huang)(huang)精等(deng)。两栖动物(wu)(wu)(wu)1种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),为(wei)(wei)黑(hei)斑侧褶蛙。爬行(xing)动物(wu)(wu)(wu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)受到威胁(xie)的(de)有3种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),分(fen)别为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华鳖、乌龟、无蹼壁虎。鸟类中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),受威胁(xie)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)计(ji)39种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),分(fen)别为(wei)(wei)白(bai)鹤(he)、青头潜鸭(ya)、勺嘴(zui)(zui)鹬(yu)、黄(huang)(huang)胸(xiong)鹀(wu)、东方白(bai)鹳、黑(hei)脸(lian)琵鹭(lu)、丹(dan)顶鹤(he)、大(da)(da)滨鹬(yu)、大(da)(da)杓鹬(yu)、小青脚鹬(yu)、鸿雁、白(bai)头鹤(he)、黑(hei)嘴(zui)(zui)鸥(ou)、遗鸥(ou)、仙八色鸫、黄(huang)(huang)嘴(zui)(zui)潜鸟、半蹼鹬(yu)等(deng)。哺(bu)乳动物(wu)(wu)(wu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)群受到威胁(xie)的(de)有2种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),分(fen)别是徘鼠耳蝠和水獭,均(jun)为(wei)(wei)灌(guan)云灌(guan)南文献记载。淡水水生(sheng)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),濒危(wei)(wei)(wei)等(deng)级物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)2种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),为(wei)(wei)鳗鲡(又名日本鳗鲡)和松江鲈(lu)(又名四鳃鲈(lu)鱼)。海洋生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),凤鲚和银鲳为(wei)(wei)受威胁(xie)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。

记者(zhe):我(wo)市有多个海岛(dao)和(he)湿地,老百姓(xing)对(dui)鸟类非常喜(xi)爱,请发言人能具(ju)体(ti)介绍一下我(wo)市的鸟类物种及生态环(huan)境情(qing)况吗?

唐光普:本次(ci)调查(cha)在(zai)我市共(gong)调查(cha)统计到鸟(niao)类20目(mu)67科304种。据不(bu)完全(quan)统计,江苏省约(yue)有鸟(niao)类500种,因此(ci)连云港鸟(niao)类种数约(yue)占全(quan)省鸟(niao)类种数的(de)60%以上,表明连云港鸟(niao)类多样(yang)性(xing)在(zai)江苏省内属于(yu)较高水平,这与连云港优良的(de)自然禀赋、丰富多样(yang)的(de)生境(jing)密不(bu)可分。

(1)国家重点保(bao)护野生动物

连云港鸟(niao)类中,有国家重点保护(hu)鸟(niao)类67种(zhong),其中Ⅰ级15种(zhong),Ⅱ级52种(zhong)。

国家Ⅰ级为:黑鹳(guan)、东(dong)方白鹳(guan)、黑脸琵鹭、白鹤、白头鹤、遗鸥、黄胸鹀等(deng)。

国家(jia)Ⅱ级有:隼形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)猛禽17种(zhong),包括凤头蜂(feng)鹰、雀(que)鹰、赤腹(fu)鹰、苍(cang)鹰、日本松雀(que)鹰等;鸮(xiao)形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)猛禽9种(zhong),包括红角鸮(xiao)、长耳(er)鸮(xiao)、短耳(er)鸮(xiao)、领鸺鹠等;鸻形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)、雁形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)、鹳形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)、??目(mu)(mu)(mu)水(shui)鸟共计(ji)有16种(zhong),如(ru)阔嘴鹬、小(xiao)杓鹬、鸳鸯、花脸鸭、白琵鹭(lu)、黑颈(jing)??等;雀(que)形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)7种(zhong),如(ru)仙八色鸫、红喉(hou)歌鸲、画眉、震旦(dan)鸦雀(que)等;鹃形(xing)(xing)目(mu)(mu)(mu)1种(zhong),为(wei)小(xiao)鸦鹃。

(2)珍稀濒危物种(zhong)

连(lian)云港(gang)鸟(niao)类中,《IUCN濒危物(wu)种(zhong)红(hong)色(se)名(ming)录》(2019)收录为受威胁物(wu)种(zhong)共计39种(zhong),其中CR(极(ji)危)4种(zhong),分别为白鹤(he)、青头潜(qian)鸭(ya)、勺嘴鹬(yu)、黄(huang)胸鹀(wu)(wu);EN(濒危)7种(zhong),分别为东方白鹳、黑脸(lian)琵鹭、猎隼、丹顶鹤(he)、大滨鹬(yu)、大杓鹬(yu)、小(xiao)青脚鹬(yu);VU(易危)9种(zhong),鸿(hong)雁、红(hong)头潜(qian)鸭(ya)、草原雕、鹗、白头鹤(he)、黑嘴鸥、遗鸥、仙八色(se)鸫、田鹀(wu)(wu);NT(近危)19种(zhong),如黄(huang)嘴潜(qian)鸟(niao)、白额鹱、卷羽鹈(ti)鹕(hu)、罗纹鸭(ya)、半(ban)蹼鹬(yu)、长嘴斑(ban)海雀、小(xiao)太平鸟(niao)、震旦鸦雀、红(hong)颈苇鹀(wu)(wu)等。

为什么(me)连云港鸟类物(wu)种如(ru)此丰富?

一是连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)(gang)滨海湿(shi)地(di)及内(nei)陆湖(hu)库是水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)鸟(niao)(niao)重(zhong)要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)栖(qi)息(xi)(xi)地(di),其重(zhong)要(yao)程度(du)已(yi)达(da)国际(ji)重(zhong)要(yao)湿(shi)地(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)标准。连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)(gang)东(dong)部沿海是东(dong)南亚(ya)(ya)-澳(ao)大(da)利亚(ya)(ya)与(yu)西伯利亚(ya)(ya)苔原南北迁徙水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)禽(qin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)能量(liang)补(bu)给区。本(ben)次调查记录到(dao)超过6万(wan)只鸻(heng)鹬(yu)(yu)类在(zai)(zai)连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)(gang)停(ting)歇(xie)。沿海湿(shi)地(di)和内(nei)陆湖(hu)库还支(zhi)撑着(zhe)反嘴鹬(yu)(yu)、白腰(yao)杓鹬(yu)(yu)等(deng)18种水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)鸟(niao)(niao)种群(qun)(qun)超过1%个(ge)体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)栖(qi)息(xi)(xi),其中超过全(quan)(quan)球种群(qun)(qun)数量(liang)80%的(de)(de)(de)(de)半蹼(pu)鹬(yu)(yu)在(zai)(zai)连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)(gang)河口(kou)湿(shi)地(di)停(ting)歇(xie),约50%的(de)(de)(de)(de)蛎(li)鹬(yu)(yu)东(dong)亚(ya)(ya)种群(qun)(qun)在(zai)(zai)此越(yue)冬(dong)。兴庄(zhuang)河口(kou)、青口(kou)河口(kou)、临洪河口(kou)滩涂常(chang)常(chang)形成大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)鸟(niao)(niao)浪(lang),鸟(niao)(niao)群(qun)(qun)利用河口(kou)潮差交替(ti)休憩与(yu)觅食。水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)库群(qun)(qun)是越(yue)冬(dong)雁(yan)(yan)鸭类的(de)(de)(de)(de)天堂,大(da)圣湖(hu)、宿城(cheng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)库、石(shi)梁河水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)库及小(xiao)塔山水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)库每年冬(dong)季承载了(le)数量(liang)庞大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)雁(yan)(yan)鸭类,鸳鸯(yang)、罗纹鸭、赤(chi)颈鸭等(deng)雁(yan)(yan)形目鸟(niao)(niao)类每年在(zai)(zai)大(da)圣湖(hu)都有稳定种群(qun)(qun)越(yue)冬(dong),全(quan)(quan)中国10%的(de)(de)(de)(de)鸳鸯(yang)种群(qun)(qun)在(zai)(zai)连(lian)(lian)云(yun)港(gang)(gang)大(da)圣湖(hu)、宿城(cheng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)库越(yue)冬(dong)。

二是(shi)连云(yun)(yun)(yun)港(gang)(gang)(gang)前(qian)三(san)(san)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)等(deng)基岩海岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)具(ju)有重(zhong)要的生态功(gong)能(neng)。车牛(niu)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)、达山(shan)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)、平(ping)山(shan)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(前(qian)三(san)(san)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao))位于我市的黄海海域(yu),距(ju)离连云(yun)(yun)(yun)港(gang)(gang)(gang)海岸(an)线约50km,主要岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)屿(yu)无常住居民,人(ren)类活动较少。调(diao)查发现前(qian)三(san)(san)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)有黄嘴白鹭(国I、VU)、中华秋沙(sha)鸭(国I、EN)、红胸秋沙(sha)鸭(省级(ji))等(deng)重(zhong)要迁徙(xi)鸟(niao)类分布(bu),同时也(ye)是(shi)斑海雀(que)(EN)、黄嘴潜鸟(niao)(NT)等(deng)稀有海鸟(niao)的越(yue)冬地(di)(di)(di)(di)。车牛(niu)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)附近的岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)礁是(shi)黑尾(wei)鸥(省级(ji))的一(yi)处重(zhong)要繁殖地(di)(di)(di)(di),每年来此(ci)繁殖的黑尾(wei)鸥达数千只。岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)上(shang)草丛、林(lin)地(di)(di)(di)(di)不(bu)同季节(jie)也(ye)有大量迁徙(xi)的林(lin)鸟(niao)栖(qi)息(xi),连云(yun)(yun)(yun)港(gang)(gang)(gang)新(xin)纪录鸟(niao)种棕脸鹟莺就发现于此(ci)。此(ci)外,前(qian)三(san)(san)岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)也(ye)是(shi)健(jian)壮薹草、滨海前(qian)胡、滨海珍珠菜、全缘贯众(zhong)(zhong)等(deng)在江苏的唯(wei)(wei)一(yi)分布(bu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)。连云(yun)(yun)(yun)港(gang)(gang)(gang)海岛(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)是(shi)多(duo)种植(zhi)物在江苏的唯(wei)(wei)一(yi)分布(bu)地(di)(di)(di)(di),也(ye)是(shi)众(zhong)(zhong)多(duo)鸟(niao)类的栖(qi)息(xi)地(di)(di)(di)(di),具(ju)有重(zhong)要的生态功(gong)能(neng)。

借此机(ji)会,我们还向(xiang)港城拍鸟爱好者(zhe)征(zheng)集了鸟类(lei)有关的摄影作品,今天也(ye)将(jiang)一起发布特等奖和一二三等奖。

记者:请问(wen)发言人,在生物多样性保护方面,我们还有哪些不足和困难?

唐光普:1、尽(jin)管(guan)我(wo)市生(sheng)物多样性保护工作取得了积极(ji)进展,但仍面(mian)临诸(zhu)多挑战(zhan),包括沿海土地(di)资(zi)源开发利用强度(du)(du)比较大、生(sheng)态资(zi)源过度(du)(du)利用和(he)非法(fa)利用、水利工程(cheng)建设(she)导(dao)致湿地(di)退(tui)化、人类活动导(dao)致生(sheng)境丧(sang)失与(yu)破碎化以及环境污染(ran)和(he)外(wai)来生(sheng)物入侵等。

2、深(shen)入分析(xi)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样(yang)性(xing)保(bao)护(hu)现状(zhuang)和面(mian)临的(de)(de)(de)挑战,下一步我们将重(zhong)点做好(hao)以(yi)下工作。①深(shen)入贯彻落实习(xi)近平生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)文明思想,牢固树立“绿水(shui)青山(shan)(shan)就是金(jin)山(shan)(shan)银山(shan)(shan)”理(li)(li)念,统(tong)筹山(shan)(shan)水(shui)林田湖草沙系(xi)统(tong)治理(li)(li)。②编制“十四五”自然生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)保(bao)护(hu)规(gui)划(hua)(hua),将生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样(yang)性(xing)保(bao)护(hu)纳入生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)环境和国土(tu)空间等规(gui)划(hua)(hua),优化自然保(bao)护(hu)地(di)体(ti)(ti)系(xi),统(tong)筹区域(yu)协调(diao)发展(zhan),构(gou)建整体(ti)(ti)性(xing)、多层次的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)廊道(dao)网络。③开(kai)展(zhan)全市(shi)范围内的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样(yang)性(xing)长期监测,防止(zhi)外来物(wu)种入侵,建立生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样(yang)性(xing)信息(xi)共享平台(tai)。④推(tui)进生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)保(bao)护(hu)监管体(ti)(ti)制改革,不断完善生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)保(bao)护(hu)监管体(ti)(ti)系(xi),深(shen)入打(da)好(hao)污染防治攻(gong)坚战和“绿盾”行动,有效遏制自然保(bao)护(hu)区破坏(huai)活动。⑤拓(tuo)宽生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样(yang)性(xing)保(bao)护(hu)事(shi)业的(de)(de)(de)投融资(zi)渠道(dao),建立健全生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)产品(pin)价值实现机(ji)制。⑥制定丰富的(de)(de)(de)宣传材料(liao),开(kai)展(zhan)线(xian)上线(xian)下等多种形式的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样(yang)性(xing)宣传,提高全民的(de)(de)(de)保(bao)护(hu)意(yi)识和参与(yu)度,为建设(she)“美丽连云港”贡献(xian)大家的(de)(de)(de)力量

葛(ge)延波:下面由我来宣布连(lian)云港市鸟类摄影比赛获奖情况(kuang)。

为进一步(bu)提高全社会“爱鸟(niao)(niao)(niao)护鸟(niao)(niao)(niao)”意识,加强鸟(niao)(niao)(niao)类(lei)资源保护,展(zhan)示鸟(niao)(niao)(niao)类(lei)拍(pai)摄(she)成(cheng)果(guo),2021年4月(yue)18日,连(lian)云(yun)港市生态环境局组织开(kai)展(zhan)了连(lian)云(yun)港市鸟(niao)(niao)(niao)类(lei)摄(she)影(ying)作(zuo)(zuo)品(pin)征集启事。截至5月(yue)15日,共征集到42位(wei)各地人士投(tou)稿,共上(shang)传作(zuo)(zuo)品(pin)581幅,囊括仙八(ba)色鸫、震旦(dan)鸦雀、黄嘴(zui)白(bai)鹭等系(xi)列(lie)极具(ju)连(lian)云(yun)港风(feng)格鸟(niao)(niao)(niao)类(lei),体(ti)现了连(lian)云(yun)港生态特(te)色,展(zhan)示了连(lian)云(yun)港物种风(feng)采。

5月20日,我(wo)局在(zai)南(nan)京组织召开了(le)连云港市鸟类摄影作(zuo)品(pin)评选会,邀请5位专家对(dui)所(suo)有参(can)赛作(zuo)品(pin)进行了(le)评选,按征稿要(yao)求(qiu)逐张核对(dui)后(hou),最终评选出特等(deng)奖(jiang)5幅、一等(deng)奖(jiang)10幅、二等(deng)奖(jiang)15幅、三等(deng)奖(jiang)25幅,共计(ji)55幅作(zuo)品(pin)。获奖(jiang)人员名(ming)单及作(zuo)品(pin)如(ru)下:

特等奖:王(wang)东升、王(wang)晓明、朱(zhu)桃(tao)、祝秀丽、薛锦(姓(xing)氏笔画(hua)排序(xu),下同(tong));

一(yi)等(deng)奖(jiang):王臻(zhen)祺、甘爱忠、刘向群、吴雨敏(min)、宋志刚(gang)、董江、程军(jun)、薛锦、魏玉昌

二等奖:马素珍、王佃宝、王晓明、王常华、王臻(zhen)祺、毕方(fang)军(jun)、许建波、汪佳欣(xin)、柴军(jun)委、程军(jun)

三等奖:马素珍、王佃宝、甘爱忠、孙习成、李云峰、李德顺(shun)、宋志刚(gang)、张广义、邵光明、赵立香、胡(hu)正光、胡(hu)必(bi)富、徐楚航、高(gao)小川、高(gao)晓(xiao)平(ping)、董江(jiang)、程(cheng)军、傅怀(huai)庭(ting)、薛锦

对本次获奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)人(ren)(ren),将(jiang)分别奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)励特等(deng)奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)获奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)人(ren)(ren)1000元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)/人(ren)(ren),一等(deng)奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)获奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)人(ren)(ren)500元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)/人(ren)(ren),二等(deng)奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)获奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)人(ren)(ren)300元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)/人(ren)(ren),三等(deng)奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)获奖(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)人(ren)(ren)200元(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)/人(ren)(ren)。

本(ben)活(huo)动奖励(li)解释(shi)权最(zui)终归连(lian)云(yun)港市(shi)生态环(huan)境局所有(you)。

记者朋(peng)友们,保(bao)(bao)护(hu)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)多(duo)样(yang)性是一项长(zhang)期且艰苦的(de)(de)(de)事业,尽(jin)管我们有了(le)一定的(de)(de)(de)基(ji)础(chu),但也(ye)要清醒地(di)看(kan)到,许多(duo)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)存状况仍不容乐观,令人(ren)担(dan)忧。人(ren)类社会(hui)(hui)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)扩张挤压导(dao)致了(le)物(wu)(wu)(wu)种生(sheng)(sheng)存环(huan)(huan)境(jing)的(de)(de)(de)恶化和(he)(he)缩小(xiao),发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)与保(bao)(bao)护(hu)的(de)(de)(de)矛盾尤为(wei)(wei)突出,需(xu)要依靠先进(jin)的(de)(de)(de)科(ke)学(xue)理(li)念和(he)(he)长(zhang)期的(de)(de)(de)科(ke)学(xue)探索。习近平(ping)主席(xi)在联合国生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)多(duo)样(yang)性峰(feng)会(hui)(hui)和(he)(he)“领导(dao)人(ren)气(qi)候峰(feng)会(hui)(hui)”等(deng)重要会(hui)(hui)议(yi)上(shang),多(duo)次强调人(ren)与自(zi)然和(he)(he)谐共(gong)生(sheng)(sheng),提出“中国将秉持人(ren)类命运(yun)共(gong)同体理(li)念,为(wei)(wei)加强生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)多(duo)样(yang)性保(bao)(bao)护(hu)和(he)(he)推进(jin)全球(qiu)环(huan)(huan)境(jing)治理(li)贡献力量”。希望(wang)广(guang)大(da)新(xin)闻媒(mei)体积极(ji)参与、宣传(chuan)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)(wu)多(duo)样(yang)性保(bao)(bao)护(hu)工作(zuo),为(wei)(wei)我市“高(gao)质发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)、后发(fa)(fa)先至(zhi)”提供优(you)良的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)环(huan)(huan)境(jing)。由于时(shi)间关系,今天(tian)的(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)布会(hui)(hui)就(jiu)开到这里。谢谢大(da)家!



扫(sao)一扫(sao)打开当前页(ye)

尊龙登陆_尊龙登陆免费下载_尊龙登录网址ios版下载 尊龙用现金娱乐一下-ag包你发